اعتباریابی پرسشنامه انگیزه خواندن (MRQ) در میان دانش‌آموزان دبستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دنشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، قم، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، قم، ایران

چکیده

زمینه: انگیزه خواندن بر پیشرفت در خواندن و برون دادهای رفتاری آن تکیه دارد. انگیزه خواندن در واقع آمادگی با دوام یک فرد برای آغاز فعالیت‌های خواندن است.
هدف: اعتباریابی پرسشنامه­ی انگیزه خواندن در میان دانش‌آموزن دبستانی است.
روش: روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع آزمون‌سازی و رویکرد آن کاربردی است. جامعه پژوهش تمام دانش­آموزان دوره دوم ابتدایی شهر یزد در سال تحصیلی 97-1396 بودند. نمونه پژوهش شامل 288 دانش‌آموز دوره دوم ابتدایی (142 دختر، 146 پسر) که به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامه­ی انگیزه خواندن گاتری و ویگفیلد (1997) بود. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده­ها از میانگین، انحراف معیار و روش­های متعارف آزمون‌سازی (تعیین روایی، تحلیل عاملی و پایایی) استفاده شد.
نتایج: پرسشنامه­ی انگیزه خواندن دارای 11 مولفه و 53 گویه و از لحاظ روان‌سنجی از روایی، پایایی و برازندگی خوبی برخوردار است. ساختار عاملی تأییدی نیز، مدل یازده (11) عاملی پیشنهادی پرسشنامه یادشده را تأیید کرد. به عبارت دیگر، پرسشنامه انگیزه خواندن با هر پنج روش روایی؛ صوری، محتوایی، عاملی، همبستگی گویه­ها و همبستگی مولفه­ها، روایی پرسشنامه مورد تایید بود. همچنین پایایی کلی و پایایی مولفه­های نه گانه پرسشنامه، مورد تایید ‌بود. لذا پرسشنامه فوق‌الذکر، به دلیل استحکام ساختار عاملی و ویژگی­های روانسنجی مناسب، قابلیت استفاده توسط سایر پژوهشگران برای بررسی تدریس را دارا بوده و استفاده از آن پیشنهاد می­شود.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Crediting of Reading motivation questionnaire (MRQ) among primary school students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Reza Jafari Harandi 1
  • Mojtaba Khalili zarchi 2
1 Associate prof. educational dep. litrature and Humanities faculty, Qom, Iran
2 M. A. student in literature and Humanities Facoutly, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

Background: The importance of reading motivation relies on its relationship to achievement and behavioral outcomes. Reading motivation has been defined as the enduring readiness of a person to initiate reading activities.
Purpose: The current research addresses the reliability of the Motivation of Reading questionnaire (MRQ) among primary school student.
 
Method: The research method was descriptive for the purpose of questionnaire development with on an applied-purpose attitude. The population included all the primary school student in grade two of Yazd city in the academic year of 2017-18. The sampling approach was multistage cluster-random and the final sample included 288 students (142 girls, 146 boys). The research instructs were Gutherrie and Wigfield (1997) reading motivation questionnaire (MRQ). In order to analyze the data, mean, standard deviation, validation, factor analyze and reliability checking used.
 
Results: Motivation Of Reading questionnaire (MRQ) had 11 factors and 53 items, and enjoyed acceptable level. CFA, similarly, approved the 11 factor model proposed by questionnaire. In other words, the MRQ was compared in term of face, content, factor, correlation of items, and correlational factors. Also the overall reliability and nine factor reliability of the questionnaire were approved. Therefor, above-mentioned questionnaire can further applied by other researchers investigation teaching due to its psychometric features and strong factorial design.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Crediting
  • Reading Motivation Questionnaire
  • primary school students
 

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